The much vaunted and progressing $64 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CEPC) that connects Kashgar of China with Gwadar port of Pakistan. Gwadar port has gradually started its operation with the Chinese cargo being loaded on the merchant ships at the Gwadar port. Pakistan and China have invested $11 billion investment in road and rail infrastructure development, $33 billion investment in energy and investment generations projects and are largely financed by Chinese state banks and institutions. These projects are seen as one of the biggest and historical projects that are being financed by Chinese Banks. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is termed as one of the mega projects in the history of economic development which will boom the business activities of Pakistan and China.
CPEC covers and passes through entire Pakistan, entering through Gilgit-Baltistan and ends at the southern state of Balochistan. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor reduces the total distance for Chinese goods that are bound for United States, Europe, Africa and the entire Western world by substantial 2000 miles, providing an alternate route to the Strait of Malaca and takes 30 to 40 days to reach in China.
The Indian government has continuously opposed the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) as it passes through Pakistan- Occupied Kashmir territory with Gilgit Baltistan and this cause is a reason for India to oppose CPEC. This route is 1300 Km long corridor which provides an alternative road and link for the Kashmir valley passing through Indian side of the border. Most of the puppets leaders of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir have expressed optimism about China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). But local businessmen and political leader of Kashmir asked to connect Kashmir with CPEC to take advantage with Special Economic Zones. However, a well-connected hilly region of Gilgit Baltistan attracts the local investors.
Chinese Control over Sea trade:
Mostly United States ports depend on the Panama canal to trade with China. Once the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is fully functional, Gwadar port will offer a shorter and more economical trade route which will exclude the travel through entire Western Hemisphere. So it will boom the power of China to dictate the terms and conditions by which international movements of goods will take place between Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Gwadar port is located a mere 600 Km from the Strait of Hormuz, as well as Gwadar port is near to Iran’s Chabahar port which supplies 35% of the oil trade. The 54 Kilometer wide strait of Hormuz is used as a strategic weapon of self-defence to choke international trade and supplies. So it provides the self-defence by the Shi’ite nation which defines that world will look to China for the solution in case of any confrontation between Israel and Iran or the possible threat to seize the canal. India’s 60% of its trade supplies pass through the strait which is mainly connected with Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran and there will be no exception.
The string of Pearls: China
China is increasing its presence in Indian ocean day by day with the motto of “String of Pearls”. It is the term which is used by the American and often used by Indian analysts to refer to a Chinese game- it is a plan of encircling India through the network system of ports and airfields. Gwadar port establishes the complete control dominating the India ocean by the communist nation with the existing presence of Hambantota port which is located in Sri Lanka, Chittagong port located in Bangladesh, Port Sudan, Maldives. As well as Pakistani government has denied any Chinese military deployment in Gwadar port. But it is under consideration for the possibility of China stationing its military in the region to secure its assets and investment in Pakistan and insurgents in Balochistan.
Pakistan as an Outsourcing destination
CPEC termed as “Marshal Plan” of China-Pakistan- which was named after a historic plan of United States of America to help financial aid to Europe after World War II. This Marshall Plan helped Europe to build itself. So, China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is termed as Master Plan which will speed up Pakistan’s economic progress and development. Development of Special Economic Zones adjoining the economic corridor benefiting the taxation and other services, rail and road connectivity and Infrastructure, as well as movement of the skilled labour force from hinterlands to the Urban cities of Pakistan and outsourcing the Pakistani products to the western countries. Pakistani export sectors of textile and construction material directly compete with the standards of USA, UAE and India. With the supply of raw material and products, Pakistan will be a suitable place to become a regional market leader with the cooperation of China and it will reduce the cost of Indian export volumes.
China’s proposed One Belt-One-Road project that mainly focuses on trade connectivity of China with Eurasia through the networks of roads, ports and railways are often proposed to dominate the regional politics and CPEC is a giant step in this direction. The United States of America withdrawal from Trans-Pacific Partnership left the member countries looking to China for global leadership in trade. And an uncertain withdrawal of Britan from EU also caused China to involve.
Source Link : http://www.gwadarinfo.com/cpec-and-india.php